Dear Pat and Brad: I used to live in a newer, energy-efficient home, but I recently moved into an older home that’s definitely not as efficient. I want to make some upgrades, but I’m not sure how much work to do or what steps I should take. Can you offer any advice? — Katie
Dear Katie: Making your home more energy efficient can be done one step at a time, or you can take it on all at once as a larger project. Either way, it’s helpful to have a plan in place before you dive in so you don’t end up doing unnecessary work or repeating steps along the way.
Here’s a seven-step checklist we’ve compiled to help you get organized.
Step 1: Set goals and constraints.
Start by setting your primary goal. Are you mainly looking to save money on your home’s energy bills, make it more comfortable, increase the resale value or help the environment?
Then, set a deadline for when you need the project completed. This may affect whether you do some of the work yourself and which contractor you choose.
Last but not least, set your budget. How much is it worth to you to live in an energy-efficient home? One way to look at this is to review your annual energy bills. If they’re around $2,000 per year, you might ask yourself how much you’d be willing to spend if you could cut that expense in half. Maybe you’d be willing to spend $10,000 to save $1,000 each year? That would be a 10% rate of return on your investment. Or, if your home is drafty and cold, how much are you willing to spend to make it more comfortable?
Step 2: Educate yourself.
This step is crucial so you can weigh the costs and benefits of each potential improvement. There are many helpful lists of small and large energy efficiency upgrades available online. There are also great resources like the Department of Energy, ENERGY STAR® and Consumer Reports. Your electric co-op may have a home energy adviser on staff or available literature that can help.
Step 3: Schedule an energy audit.
An energy audit will help you prioritize so you can spend money on the projects that will bring the most benefit. And an energy auditor can help in other ways. My neighbors hired a contractor to do major energy efficiency upgrades. They asked an energy auditor to review the work before they paid for it, and the auditor found it wasn’t close to the level agreed to in the contract. It took several return visits for the contractor to complete the work as promised. So, the energy auditor saved the day!
Step 4: Plan your projects.
Now that you have set your budget and priorities and have a sense of the work and costs involved, make a list of the items you want to include in your energy efficiency upgrades.
Step 5: Are there tasks you can take on yourself?
Some work, like caulking windows or adding weather stripping to doors, can be done by the homeowner, especially with the help of online tutorials. Other work, like insulating an attic, can be dangerous and may require special equipment.
Step 6: Identify and select contractors.
You want a contractor who really knows how to do energy efficiency work. You may need two or more contractors, such as one for your heating system and another for insulation. In some rural areas, contractors may not specialize in the efficiency measures you are interested in. Are they willing to learn what they don’t know? Get several quotes, and references from past clients. Create and sign a contract with guaranteed work and completion dates, with payments due only as work is completed and inspected.
Step 7: Oversee the work.
The quality of the work makes a big difference in the amount of energy savings and added comfort you desire. Keep an eye on the project and ask questions — lots of questions. Remember, it’s your home, and you’re the one paying the bills!
This column was co-written by Pat Keegan and Brad Thiessen of Collaborative Efficiency. Visit: www.collaborativeefficiency.com/energytips.